DECEMBER 6, 2019 - Comm_Love_Unity
13th Amendment Annual Festival for 154th year Commemoration;
A day of Healing, Love, Care, Mindfulness.
21st Century Crime Prevention Tool is 13th Amendment
Come one, come all, bring a guest, and Full-joy day to give thanks.
This is going to be epic 2019 from 1619 being 400 years as in GENESIS Chapter 15 verses 13, 14
"Throughout history, it has been the inaction of those who could have acted; the indifference of those who should have known better;
the silence of the voice of justice when it mattered most;
that has made it possible for evil to triumph."
His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I
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WHY, WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN: U.S.A. SLAVERY REPARATION
114th CONGRESS 1st Session
H. R. 40 : Reparation? Bill did not pass
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 6, 2015
Mr. Conyers introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To acknowledge the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to examine the institution of slavery, subsequently de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African-Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African-Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act.
2.Findings and purpose
The Congress finds that—
(1)approximately 4,000,000 Africans and their descendants were enslaved in the United States and colonies that became the United States from 1619 to 1865;
(2)the institution of slavery was constitutionally and statutorily sanctioned by the Government of the United States from 1789 through 1865;
(3)the slavery that flourished in the United States constituted an immoral and inhumane deprivation of Africans’ life, liberty, African citizenship rights, and cultural heritage, and denied them the fruits of their own labor; and
(4)sufficient inquiry has not been made into the effects of the institution of slavery on living African-Americans and society in the United States.
The purpose of this Act is to establish a commission to—
(1)examine the institution of slavery which existed from 1619 through 1865 within the United States and the colonies that became the United States, including the extent to which the Federal and State Governments constitutionally and statutorily supported the institution of slavery;
(2)examine de jure and de facto discrimination against freed slaves and their descendants from the end of the Civil War to the present, including economic, political, and social discrimination;
(3)examine the lingering negative effects of the institution of slavery and the discrimination described in paragraph (2) on living African-Americans and on society in the United States;
(4)recommend appropriate ways to educate the American public of the Commission’s findings;
(5)recommend appropriate remedies in consideration of the Commission’s findings on the matters described in paragraphs (1) and (2); and
(6)submit to the Congress the results of such examination, together with such recommendations.
3.Establishment and duties
There is established the Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans (hereinafter in this Act referred to as the Commission).
The Commission shall perform the following duties:
(1)Examine the institution of slavery which existed within the United States and the colonies that became the United States from 1619 through 1865. The Commission’s examination shall include an examination of—
(A)the capture and procurement of Africans;
(B)the transport of Africans to the United States and the colonies that became the United States for the purpose of enslavement, including their treatment during transport;
(C)the sale and acquisition of Africans as chattel property in interstate and intrastate commerce; and
(D)the treatment of African slaves in the colonies and the United States, including the deprivation of their freedom, exploitation of their labor, and destruction of their culture, language, religion, and families.
(2)Examine the extent to which the Federal and State governments of the United States supported the institution of slavery in constitutional and statutory provisions, including the extent to which such governments prevented, opposed, or restricted efforts of freed African slaves to repatriate to their homeland.
(3)Examine Federal and State laws that discriminated against freed African slaves and their descendants during the period between the end of the Civil War and the present.
(4)Examine other forms of discrimination in the public and private sectors against freed African slaves and their descendants during the period between the end of the Civil War and the present.
(5)Examine the lingering negative effects of the institution of slavery and the matters described in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) on living African-Americans and on society in the United States.
(6)Recommend appropriate ways to educate the American public of the Commission’s findings.
(7)Recommend appropriate remedies in consideration of the Commission’s findings on the matters described in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4). In making such recommendations, the Commission shall address among other issues, the following questions:
(A)Whether the Government of the United States should offer a formal apology on behalf of the people of the United States for the perpetration of gross human rights violations on African slaves and their descendants.
(B)Whether African-Americans still suffer from the lingering effects of the matters described in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4).
(C)Whether, in consideration of the Commission’s findings, any form of compensation to the descendants of African slaves is warranted.
(D)If the Commission finds that such compensation is warranted, what should be the amount of compensation, what form of compensation should be awarded, and who should be eligible for such compensation.
8.Authorization of appropriations
To carry out the provisions of this Act, there are authorized to be appropriated $8,000,000.
400 Years of African-American History Commission Act
President Donald Trump signs
400 Years of African-American History Commission Act into law.
This bill establishes the 400 Years of African-American History Commission to develop and carry out activities throughout the United States to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the arrival of Africans in the English colonies at Point Comfort, Virginia, in 1619.
The commission must:
plan programs to acknowledge the impact that slavery and laws that enforced racial discrimination had on the United States;
encourage civic, patriotic, historical, educational, artistic, religious, and economic organizations to organize and participate in anniversary activities; assist states, localities, and nonprofit organizations to further the commemoration; and coordinate for the public scholarly research on the arrival of Africans in the United States and their contributions to this country.
(Sec. 7) The commission must prepare a strategic plan and submit a final report to Congress that contains a summary of its activities, an accounting of its received and expended funds, and its recommendations.
(Sec. 8) The commission shall terminate on July 1, 2020.
(Sec. 9) All expenditures of the commission shall be made solely from donated funds.